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He also took the unprecedented step later in 2013 of appointing a council of eight cardinals to advise him on church policy. In 2008, Bergoglio called for national reconciliation during disturbances in the country's agricultural regions, which the government interpreted as a support for anti-government demonstrators. [152] Cardinal Christoph Schönborn later said that Bergoglio was elected following two supernatural signs, one in the conclave and hence confidential, and a Latin-American couple of friends of Schönborn who whispered Bergoglio's name in Schönborn's ear; Schönborn commented "if these people say Bergoglio, that's an indication of the Holy Spirit". [246], On 21 February 2015, Francis signed a decree naming Saint Gregory of Narek as the 36th Doctor of the Church; he formally conferred the title upon the saint at a ceremony held in Saint Peter's Basilica on 12 April 2015 with delegations from the Armenian Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church present. He lived in a small apartment, rather than in the elegant bishop's residence in the suburb of Olivos. Yet he incensed some traditionalists by appearing on that occasion in a simple tunic rather than in the more-traditional papal garments. degrees in English and American studies from the Pennsylvania State University and an M.A. [345] John Paul was the first pope to visit Cuba. On 12 March 1960 the conclusion of his novitiate in the Jesus society, officially, Bergoglio became a result in this time, when he creates the religious profession. [2][3][4][5] Francis is an outspoken critic of unbridled capitalism and free market economics, consumerism, and overdevelopment,[6] and advocates taking action on climate change, a focus of his papacy with the promulgation of Laudato si'. [191], A February 2014 survey by the World Values Survey cited in The Washington Post and Time shows how the unity Pope Francis had created could be challenged. [335][336] Pope Francis met with the country's bishops in June 2017, and the Venezuelan bishops' conference president stated, "There is no distance between the episcopal conference and the Holy See. [65][66][67] That same year, Bergoglio said the Argentine Catholic Church needed "to put on garments of public penance for the sins committed during the years of the dictatorship" in the 1970s, during the Dirty War. 45–46, Austen Ivereigh, The Great Reformer: Francis and the Making of a Radical Pope, Henry Holt 2014, Paul Vallely, Pope Francis: Untying the Knots, Bloomsbury, 2013, Sergio Rubin, "Regresó la misa en latín, con mujeres cubiertas por mantillas.". Pope Francis speaks during the Wednesday general audience inside the San Damaso Courtyard of the Vatican's Apostolic Palace, Sept. 30, 2020. Formerly, capital punishment was permitted when it was seen as the only means of defending human lives against an unjust aggressor. ", "Bergoglio: la verdadera historia del Papa Francisco y la dictadura de Videla", "The fake viral photo of pope Francis: who is the priest that gives the communion to Videla", "El mensaje de la Iglesia era para Kirchner", "Suspendió la Iglesia el tedeum en la Capital", "Jorge Bergoglio y los Kirchner: años de una relación tensa", "Cristina Fernández de Kirchner turns Pope Francis from foe to friend", "Pope's diplomacy put to test as leaders flock to Rome", "Making nice? [113] The photo was soon proved to be false. [369][370][371] Media systems differ, too, not only in their coverage of Francis's stances but also in how individual events are portrayed. no regnal number is used for him. Pope Francis was happily greeting children and pilgrims in St. Peter's Square on Tuesday when he slapped a woman's hand to free himself. [341] Paloma García Ovejero, deputy director of the Holy See Press Office, stated that "the honorific of the St. Gregory the Great Pontifical Order that Liliane Ploumen, then Minister for Development, received in June 2017, during the visit of the Dutch royal family to the Holy Father, is part of the diplomatic praxis of the exchange of decorations among delegations during official visits between heads of state and government to the Vatican. [64], On 6 November 1998, while remaining archbishop of Buenos Aires, he was named ordinary for those Eastern Catholics in Argentina who lacked a prelate of their own church. [174], On 13 April 2013, he named eight cardinals to a new Council of Cardinal Advisers to advise him on revising the organizational structure of the Roman Curia. Pope Francis exchange gifts with U.S. President Donald Trump and his wife Melania during a private audience at the Vatican, May 24, 2017. The Order, in May 2017, appointed a new leader in the person of Fra' Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto. [308] They submitted five "dubia" (doubts), and requested a yes or no answer. Cardinal Bergoglio Elected Pope Francis", "Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina Named as New Pope of the Roman Catholic Church", "White smoke: Cardinals elect new pope on fifth ballot", "Pope Francis elected after supernatural 'signs' in the Conclave, says Cardinal", "Habemus Papam: New Pope, new lifestyle in the Vatican", "Pope Francis' personality begins to change routines", "Pope Francis delivers first blessing, asks world for prayers | Reuters", "Pope Francis in plea for poor as inauguration Mass held", "Pope Francis explains decision to take St Francis of Assisi's name", "New Pope Francis visits St. Mary Major, collects suitcases and pays bill at hotel", CNN Vatican analyst: Pope Francis' name choice 'precedent shattering', Pope Francis explains name, calls for church 'for the poor', "Pope Francis wants 'poor Church for the poor, "Pope Francis: How the first New World pontiff could save the church", "Vatican: It's Pope Francis, not Pope Francis I", Pope Francis charms media in first press address, "Francis once thought of taking the name John, after Pope John XXIII", "Francis drops first hint that reform may be real", "Gozitan Mgr Alfred Xuereb appointed Pope's official secretary", "Pope appoints Franciscan to religious congregation", "Pope scraps Vatican staff bonuses, directs money to charity", "Pope taps eight cardinals to lead reform", "Pope Francis sets up a group of eight cardinals to advise him", "Catholic MPs urge Pope Francis to allow ordination of married men", "Jerusalem prelate urges pope to visit holy city", "Chaldean prelate invites pope to visit Iraq", "Pope washes feet of two girls, two Muslims at youth prison", "Pope Francis Washes Muslim Woman's Feet On Holy Thursday: Did He Violate Catholic Church Canon Ahead Of Easter? [180] This was the first time that a pope had included women in this ritual; although he had already done so when he was archbishop. Bergoglio was never mentioned. [45] He served at San Miguel for six years until 1986[7] when, at the discretion of Jesuit superior-general Peter Hans Kolvenbach, he was replaced by someone more in tune with the worldwide trend in the Society of Jesus toward emphasizing social justice, rather than his emphasis on popular religiosity and direct pastoral work. [343] En route to the United States for a visit in September 2015, the pope stopped in Cuba. [95] Her complaint did not specify how Bergoglio was involved; Bergoglio's spokesman flatly denied the allegations. [305], On a theological level, controversy arose after the publication of the apostolic exhortation Amoris laetitia, especially regarding whether the exhortation had changed the Catholic Church's sacramental discipline concerning access to the sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist for divorced couples who have civilly remarried. A Vatican spokesman said that the name would become Francis I if and when there is a Francis II. In 2000, Bergoglio criticized the perceived apathy of society. [178] Louis Raphael I, the Chaldean Catholic Patriarch, asked the Pope to visit the "embattled Christian community" in Iraq. [311][312] Pope Francis subsequently announced that dicastery prefects would be appointed for a single five-year term, and replaced Müller at the end of his term in 2017 with Luis Ladaria Ferrer. [85][87] According to the Italian journalist Andrea Tornielli, this number of votes had no precedent for a Latin American papabile. A conclave was convened in early March, spurring hopes that Benedict’s replacement could be elected and installed before the impending Easter holiday. "[333] Federico Lombardi said that Francis' comments were not "a personal attack, nor an indication of who to vote for". Néstor Kirchner (2003–07) and his wife and successor, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007–15). Argentina's Kirchner and Pope Francis meet in Rome", "Página 12 sacó notas de Verbitsky sobre Bergoglio y la dictadura", "Vatican releases Pope Francis' coat of arms, motto and ring", "Pope stresses simplicity, ecumenism in inaugural Mass plans", "Pope Francis's missing lung should not be a problem, say doctors", "Sorry, Jorge Mario Bergoglio is not the first non-European pope", "Pope Francis brings no-frills style to papacy", "Pope Francis wants a 'poor Church for the poor, "Pope visits ailing Argentine cardinal in hospital", Audience to Representatives of the Communications Media – Address of the Holy Father Pope Francis, "Pope Francis: 13 key facts about the new pontiff", "Francis and those humble gestures by the Pope, he does not sit on a throne, paying the bill at the hotel", News analysis sidebar to "Pope Francis delivers Easter plea for peace", "Can't chant, can't speak English? Critics observed that the Vatican was slow to punish and defrock priests who were known pedophiles. [354], On 25 September 2015, Pope Francis addressed the United Nations in New York City. [205] Lay experts and clerics were looking into how the bank was run. In November 2013 he issued Evangelii Gaudium (“The Joy of the Gospel”), an apostolic exhortation in which he denounced economic inequality and called upon the church to embrace its global diversity. [357], On 24 May 2017, Pope Francis met with U.S. President Donald Trump in Vatican City, where they discussed the contributions of Catholics to the United States and to the world. pp. [21][22], In the sixth grade, Bergoglio attended Wilfrid Barón de los Santos Ángeles, a school of the Salesians of Don Bosco, in Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires. [257] This action took the number of cardinal electors appointed by Francis to the College of Cardinals to about 70 out of nearly 130.[256]. Yet in the following year Francis spoke out against same-sex marriage and defended the “traditional” family. I was in the APDH during all the dictatorship years and I received hundreds of testimonies. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century. [376] On 5 November 2014, he was ranked by Forbes as the fourth most powerful person in the world and was the only non-political figure in the top ranking. [379] A proposal to create a commemorative coin as a tribute to Pope Francis was made in Argentina's lower house on 28 November 2013. Pope Francis washed and kissed the feet of Muslim, Christian, and Hindu refugees, both men and women, during a Maundy Thursday mass with asylum seekers at a shelter in Castelnuovo di Porto, outside Rome, Italy, March 24, 2016. Yorio, who died in 2000, said in a 1999 interview that he believed that Bergoglio did nothing "to free us, in fact just the opposite". Bergoglio was the son of Italian immigrants to Argentina. He can speak Spanish, Latin and Italian fluently and understanding German, French, Portuguese, English, and Ukrainian. "[183] Although the Vatican had prepared greetings in 65 languages, Francis chose not to read them. [217] He addressed this and the clergy sex abuse scandal by convening a summit on clergy sexual abuse in Rome 21–24 February 2019. Sharing the screenshot, Margot wrote, “uhhh the pope liked my picture?”. Moreover, although Francis was not born in Europe, he is ethnically European. [197], The Catholic Church in England and Wales as of April 2014[update] had refused to publish results of this survey; a Church spokesman said a senior Vatican official had expressly asked for summaries to remain confidential, and that orders had come from the Pope that the information should not be made public until after October. [348] Protests against his visit resulted in an alleged arson attempt at the Dormition Abbey. [372], In December 2013, both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues. A former deputy editor of The Tablet and later director for public affairs of the former archbishop of Westminster, Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, he frequently appears on radio and TV programmes to comment in stories involving the Church. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. Bergoglio was the son of Italian immigrants to Argentina. As Pope, representative of the Holy See and head of state of Vatican City, Francis is Grand Master of the following orders: In the oratorio Laudato si' by Peter Reulein (music) written on a libretto by Helmut Schlegel OFM, the figure of Pope Francis appears next to Mary, Francis of Assisi and Clare of Assisi. [242], The pope has also continued the practice of having beatifications celebrated in the place of the individual's origin though has presided over beatifications himself on three occasions: for Paul Yun Ji-Chung and 123 companions on 16 August 2014, his predecessor Pope Paul VI on 19 October 2014, and two Colombian martyrs on 8 September 2017. The official form of address of the Pope in English is His Holiness Pope Francis; in Latin, Franciscus, Episcopus Romae. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, as a young man Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor before getting training as a chemist, and working as a technician in a food science laboratory. Bergoglio’s tenure as head of the country’s Jesuits coincided with the military coup in Argentina (1976) led by Lieut. He continued to assert Catholic doctrine, in less dramatic tone than his recent predecessors, who maintained that the Catholic Church is not a democracy of popular opinion. [160][161][162] He explained that, as it was becoming clear during the conclave voting that he would be elected the new bishop of Rome, the Brazilian Cardinal Cláudio Hummes had embraced him and whispered, "Don't forget the poor", which had made Bergoglio think of the saint. That it wasn't an easy thing to do. Antonio Primaldo and his 812 companions who had been executed by the Ottomans in 1480,[224] as well as the religious sisters Laura of St. Catherine of Siena and María Guadalupe García Zavala – in this first canonization he surpassed the record of Pope John Paul II in canonizing the most saints in a pontificate. Rather, I would like to discuss the theological ba… Grassi has been restricted from exercising any public ministry but has not been laicized. Pope Francis also met with Kim Davis (a county clerk who defied a U.S. federal court order to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples), to which later the Vatican clarified that this meeting "does not endorse Davis’s views." [271], On 27 March, Francis gave an extraordinary benediction Urbi et Orbi. Some other Catholic churches, for example in Germany and Austria, published summaries of the responses to the survey, which showed a wide gap between Church teaching and the behavior of ordinary Catholics. [325][326] U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said cooperating with the Chinese Communist Party puts the Pope's moral authority at risk. [210][275] Then in his letter on the call of all to the same holiness, Gaudete et exsultate, Fancis describes holiness as "an impulse to evangelize and to leave a mark in this world". "[347] Castro said that, when the pope came, "I promise to go to all his Masses and with satisfaction". Some critics faulted Bergoglio for failing to protect the priests and even accused him of turning the men over to the regime. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". "[97] Artist and human rights activist Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, the 1980 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, said: "Perhaps he didn't have the courage of other priests, but he never collaborated with the dictatorship. Prior to working as a chemical technician, Bergoglio had also worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors. [99] The following week, Jalics issued a second, clarifying statement: "It is wrong to assert that our capture took place at the initiative of Father Bergoglio (…) the fact is, Orlando Yorio and I were not denounced by Father Bergoglio."[100][101]. Later that year, when Cardinal Edward Egan returned to New York following the September 11 attacks, Bergoglio replaced him as relator (recording secretary) in the Synod of Bishops,[76] and, according to the Catholic Herald, created "a favourable impression as a man open to communion and dialogue". Find top news stories, photos, and videos on Pope Francis on NBCNews.com. [412], Bishops consecrated by Pope Francis as principal consecrator, Latin Church, also known as the 'Western Church', the largest, Pontifical knighthood for abortion rights activist, Press reports have provided a variety of translations for the phrase. [170] He named Alfred Xuereb as his personal secretary. Each of the five were under the age of eighty, and were thus eligible to vote in a papal conclave. [321] After Francis's visit to Cuba in 2015, Catholic Yale historian Carlos Eire spoke of a "preferential option for the oppressors" in Latin America. During his 15 years as archbishop of Buenos Aires, Pope Francis never sought the title for any of his priests. [334], In response to criticism from Venezuela's bishops, President Nicolás Maduro said in 2017 that he had the support of Pope Francis. [161][166] It is the first time since Pope Lando's 913–914 reign that a serving pope holds a name not used by a predecessor. [69] In 2007, just two days after Benedict XVI issued new rules for using the liturgical forms that preceded the Second Vatican Council, Cardinal Bergoglio established a fixed place for a weekly Mass in this extraordinary form of the Roman Rite. "The plan comes amid a breakthrough for which Francis has received much credit. [362], Francis made the plight of refugees and migrants "a core component of his pastoral work", and has defended their rights in dialogue both with Europe and with the United States. In the oratorio, Pope Franziskus suggests a bridge from the crucifixion scene on Golgotha to the suffering of the present. The lingering effects of the church’s sexual-abuse scandal constituted another challenge facing Francis’s papacy. He passed by a church to go to confession, and was inspired by the priest. [41], Bergoglio completed his final stage of spiritual training as a Jesuit, tertianship, at Alcalá de Henares, Spain, and took final, solemn vows as a Jesuit, including the fourth vow of obedience to missioning by the pope, on 22 April 1973. It was said that he told Cardinal Francesco Marchisano: "John, I would have called myself John, like the Good Pope; I would have been completely inspired by him". Pope Francis: Coronavirus could be a response from nature 01:26 (CNN) Pope Francis has declared support for civil unions for same-sex couples for … [23][31] Bergoglio has been a lifelong supporter of San Lorenzo de Almagro football club. As a normal customer of the bank, the church was forced into a higher fiscal discipline. This joint statement is concerned with how different faiths can live peaceably in the same world and areas. In that role, Bergoglio created new parishes and restructured the archdiocese administrative offices, led pro-life initiatives, and created a commission on divorces. "[342], Pope Francis played a key role in the talks toward restoring full diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba. Pope says it's because he's tone-deaf", "Pope Francis to live in Vatican guesthouse, not papal apartments", "Pope Francis opts for Vatican guesthouse instead of spacious papal apartment", "Habemus Papam! [220][221], On 4 October 2020 on the feast of St. Francis of Assisi, Pope Francis published the encyclical Fratelli tutti on fraternity and social friendship, using St. Francis' own words to describe our universal brotherhood and sisterhood.[222]. De la Rúa asked the Church to promote a dialogue between the leaders of economic and political sectors to find a solution for the crisis. "[345] The Cuba visit "seals that accomplishment, in which he served as a bridge between two erstwhile enemies". Pope Francis Shows His Hand, Adopts “Great Reset” Slogan Steve Skojec December 3, 2020 One Comment Last month, I wrote a piece highlighting the linguistic … He established two new Secretariats (top-level departments) in the Roman Curia: the Secretariat for the Economy, and the Secretariat for Communications. [373] Rolling Stone magazine followed in January 2014 by making the Pontiff their featured front cover. He emphasizes the female talent and the importance of the charism of women for church and society. During the ensuing Dirty War (1976–83), a campaign by the country’s military dictatorship against leftists and other perceived subversives, between 10,000 and 30,000 people were disappeared (kidnapped, tortured, and usually killed) by the military and the police.

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